What is a retinal tear?
What is a retinal hole?
Retinal holes are round defects in the retina that occur naturally, often without detachment of the vitreous. They are sometimes associated with short-sightedness (myopia).
What are the symptoms of retinal holes and tears?
Quite often retinal holes and tears do not cause any symptoms. However, if there is a posterior vitreous detachment you may have floaters and flashing lights in the vision. These usually resolve with time.
What treatment do I need?
Retinal tears usually require treatment with laser (laser retinopexy) or a freezing probe (cryotherapy), to reduce the risk of a retinal detachment.
Retinal holes may or may not need treatment, depending on their risk of causing retinal detachment.
Further information about retinal holes and tears and the risks and benefits of treatment can be found in the patient information leaflet.